The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) undertakes efforts to counteract drugs, crime and terrorism by promoting health, justice and security. It adopts an integrated approach in dealing with drugs, crime and terrorism. It also promotes regional security and cooperation by mainstreaming criminal justice into peacekeeping and peace-building operations. The PM of Afghanistan engages with UNODC in various areas, such as crime, terrorism, strengthening of law enforcements, human trafficking, yet the main focus area represents the fight against illicit drugs. Afghanistan has benefited from legal and technical assistance to prevent terrorism, to combat international crime and human trafficking. The UNODC Country Programme on Afghanistan represents a large-scale, long-term effort in tackling the illicit drugs problem in Afghanistan by seeking to eradicate illicit crops and create alternative sustainable livelihoods.
The United Nations International Development Organization is a specialized agency of the UN that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. The Organization has two core functions: firstly, to act as a global forum and generate and disseminate industry-related, secondly, to provide technical support and implementation projects. Afghanistan became a member of UNIDO in 1985 and since then it has benefited from global expertise and experience to address complex development challenges. The Afghan PM regularly attends meetings at the UNIDO headquarters and actively participates in meetings and decision-making processes.
With 57 States from Europe, Central Asia and North America, the OSCE is the world’s largest regional security organization. It offers a forum for political negotiations and decision-making in the fields of early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. It puts the political will of its participating states into practice through its unique network of field missions. Its comprehensive view of security covers three dimensions: the politico-military, the economic and environmental and the human. Since 2003 Afghanistan became a partner for co-operation to the OSCE. Thus Afghanistan, as one of OSCE’s Asian partners, benefits from shared experience of the OSCE in a number of areas, such as a new security paradigm, conflict prevention, applicability of confidence-building mechanisms, human dimension security and anti-trafficking.
The International Narcotics Board (INCB) is responsible for monitoring and supporting Governments’ compliance with the international drug control treaties and was established in 1968. It is an independent and quasi-judicial monitoring body for the implementation of the UN international drug control conventions. The UN 1961 Convention on Narcotic Drugs establishes strict controls on the cultivation of opium poppy, coca bush, cannabis plant and their products, which the Convention describes as ‘narcotic drugs’. The INCB works to strengthen and monitor the control system established under the 1961 Convention. The PM of Afghanistan works closely with INCB, seeking to emphasize the need for shared responsibility in the efforts undertaken to address the world drug problem. It benefits from recommendations in how to improve drug control efforts and strengthen shared responsibility principles.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the world’s center for cooperation in the nuclear field. It was established in 1957 as the world’s ‘Atoms for Peace’ organization within the UN family. The agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. The PM of Afghanistan works with the IAEA for safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. It strives to make a contribution to international peace and security and this way meet the Millennium Goals for social, economic and environmental development. Afghanistan joined the IAEA in 1957 with the aim of fostering the exchange of scientific and technical information on peaceful uses of atomic energy. Technical Cooperation is the highest priority in Afghanistan’s cooperation with the IAEA. As a mineral rich country with a complex geological structure, Afghanistan regards the Agency’s assistance in mine exploration and exploitation through utilization of nuclear techniques as highly important.
The International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) became an international organization in March 2011. It represents a joint initiative by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Republic of Austria, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) and other stakeholders. Its aim is to overcome current shortcomings in knowledge and practice in the field of anti-corruption. Members of IACA include all UN Member States and international organizations, which have signed, ratified or acceded to the IACA Agreement. The PM of Afghanistan engages with IACA in research on structural reforms and attends tailor- made trainings, all of which represent opportunities for knowledge transfer and networking.
The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) bans nuclear explosions by everyone, everywhere: on the Earth’s surface, in the atmosphere, underwater and underground. The treaty has a unique and comprehensive verification regime to make sure that no nuclear explosion goes undetected. The International Monitoring System consists of hundreds of facilities which monitor the planet for signs of nuclear explosions. Afghanistan was the 169th state to sign the CTBT and the 105th to ratify it in 2003. The PM of Afghanistan in Vienna works closely with CTBT in order to ensure that all nuclear safeguards are in place in Afghanistan and is fully dedicated to strengthening the international nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime.