The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the world’s center for cooperation in the nuclear field. It was established in 1957 as the world’s ‘Atoms for Peace’ organization within the UN family. The agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. The PM of Afghanistan works with the IAEA for safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. It strives to make a contribution to international peace and security and this way meet the Millennium Goals for social, economic and environmental development. Afghanistan joined the IAEA in 1957 with the aim of fostering the exchange of scientific and technical information on peaceful uses of atomic energy. Technical Cooperation is the highest priority in Afghanistan’s cooperation with the IAEA. As a mineral rich country with a complex geological structure, Afghanistan regards the Agency’s assistance in mine exploration and exploitation through utilization of nuclear techniques as highly important.