The International Narcotics Board (INCB) is responsible for monitoring and supporting Governments’ compliance with the international drug control treaties and was established in 1968. It is an independent and quasi-judicial monitoring body for the implementation of the UN international drug control conventions. The UN 1961 Convention on Narcotic Drugs establishes strict controls on the cultivation of opium poppy, coca bush, cannabis plant and their products, which the Convention describes as ‘narcotic drugs’. The INCB works to strengthen and monitor the control system established under the 1961 Convention. The PM of Afghanistan works closely with INCB, seeking to emphasize the need for shared responsibility in the efforts undertaken to address the world drug problem. It benefits from recommendations in how to improve drug control efforts and strengthen shared responsibility principles.